Concerning the airport network, the State has a set of regional and local airports and an important international airport - Salgado Filho International Airport, located in Porto Alegre, the state capital. The airports in operation mainly serve the movement of passengers on scheduled commercial flights and private and military flights. There is infrastructure for cargo handling at the airports of Porto Alegre, Caxias do Sul, Passo Fundo and Santo Ângelo. In Rio Grande and Pelotas, Santa Maria and Canoas there are sporadic movements of military and scientific cargo. Landing fields serve as support for the airport system and are mainly used for agricultural, tourism and leisure and instruction flights.
The movement of passengers in Salgado Filho International Airport, the largest one of the network, is approximately 8 million/year, involving about 88 thousand aircraft accesses/year. In relation to cargo handling, it is above 28,000 t/year, according to data from 2015 from INFRAERO¹ – Empresa Brasileira de Infraestrutura Aeroportuária (Brazilian Company of Airport Infrastructure). The cargoes that circulate by air modal are usually characterized by the high added value, reduced volumes and/or urgency in the delivery. The new passenger terminal, completed in September 2001, has the capacity to meet a demand of up to 4 million passengers/year, being able to receive up to 28 large aircrafts simultaneously. There are already feasibility studies for the expansion of freight.
The pipeline network serves mainly the northeastern of the State. The distribution of natural gas from Bolivia is under responsibility of TBG – Transportadora Brasileira Gasoduto Bolívia-Brasil S.A. (Brazilian Natural Gas Transportation Company) since 1999. Brazil-Bolivia Gas Pipeline runs through the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul.
In Rio Grande do Sul, the main branch of the gas pipeline passes through 14 municipalities: São José dos Ausentes, Cambará do Sul, Jaquirana, São Francisco de Paula, Taquara, Igrejinha, Parobé, Nova Hartz, Araricá, Sapiranga, Novo Hamburgo, Gravataí, Cachoeirinha e Canoas. From there derivate the secondary distribution pipelines called CityGates that mainly supply the municipalities of Porto Alegre Metropolitan Region (RMPA) and Serra Gaúcha Metropolitan Region (RMSG). The distribution and sale of piped natural gas (CityGates) is made by Sulgás – Companhia de Gás do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (Gas Company of Rio Grande do Sul State), whose distribution network covers 1,055km in 40 municipalities, currently serving around 36,500 clients in the industrial, commercial and vehicular segments. ²
The distribution of oil and by-products discharged from ships by Petrobras' system of buoys is also done through the pipeline system from PETROBRAS – TEDUT Maritime Terminal, located in Osório municipality, to REFAP – Alberto Pasqualini Refinery and Niterói Terminal – TENIT in Canoas municipality³. The products processed in the Refinery in the form of diesel, gasoline, LPG, fuel oil, aviation kerosene, solvents, asphalt, and others are commercialized and distributed locally or transported by waterway from TENIT to the Rio Grande Port Terminal.
¹ INFRAERO. Anuário Estatístico Operacional 2015. DG/DGDR/DRCD. Brasília, abril de 2016
² Sulgás (data from April 2017)
³ According to PETROBRAS, TENIT, the waterfront terminal of Niterói, operated by Transpetro subsidiary, is located on the north bank of Gravataí River, in the municipality of Canoas. The main pier has capacity for vessels of up to 4,000 DWT and carries tank barges with bunkers, it also transports light recycle oil by road. Besides, it receives marine fuel oil from tank trucks. Through REFAP-Niterói pipeline, the terminal receives maritime diesel and light recycle oil.
Source: INFRAERO. Anuário Estatístico Operacional 2015
Source: CEEE. Balanço Energético do Rio Grande do Sul - BERS 2015