State Government of Rio Grande do Sul
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Balance of Trade

The balance of trade of Rio Grande do Sul is in a positive trajectory since 2014

The balance of trade is the difference between exports and imports.The balance is positive when the values of exports are higher than those of the imports – surplus, and it is negative when the values of imports are higher than those of the exports – deficit.

The Brazilian balance of trade results from the relation between exports and imports of goods and services with other countries, recorded a negative balance in 2000, soon recovering until reaching, in 2006, its highest value: US$ 46.4 billion FOB. Nevertheless, after 2006 there was a decline in the values, although always keeping a positive balance. However, in 2014 it was negative, US$ -4,0 billion. After 2014, the balance of the Brazilian trade remained on a ascension trajectory. Considering the composition of Brazilian exports, it is verified that there is a predominant participation of basic products, which allows to classify Brazil as a commodity exporter.¹

The balance of trade of Rio Grande do Sul recorded its lowest balance in 2000.  , recoverig soon thereafter until reaching, in 2004, the value of US$ 4.6 billion FOB. The years 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012  and 2014 recorded a decline in the values, although always keeping a positive balance. After 2014, the balance of the Rio Grande do Sul trade remained on a ascension trajectory. The highest balance in the period occurred in 2013 and 2016, when the State reached US$ 8 billion FOB.

The value of exports of the state  increased 187%, going from US$ 5.8 billion FOB in 2000 to US$ 16.6 billion FOB in 2016. On the other hand, the value of imports also increased in the period, going from US$ 4 billion FOB in 2000 to US$ 8,3 billion FOB in 2016.

The participation of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazilian exports in the period 2000-2016 ranged from 7% to 11%. In 2016 the participation was 9%. And in imports, the state showed a variation of 7% to 9% in the period 2000-2016. In 2016 the participation was 6%. In 2005 and 2016, imports from RS alone had a larger share than exports.

¹ IPEA. Resposta das Exportações Brasileiras a Choques de Commodities In: Carta de conjuntura nº 30, 19 de abril de 2016.

Evolution of the Balance of Trade 2000-2016 in Brazil (US$ 1,000 FOB)
Evolution of the Balance of Trade 2000-2016 in Brazil (US$ 1,000 FOB)

Source: MDIC/Estatísticas de Comércio Exterior

Evolution of the Balance of Trade 2000-2016 in Rio Grande do Sul (US$ 1,000 FOB)
Evolution of the Balance of Trade 2000-2016 in Rio Grande do Sul (US$ 1,000 FOB)
Source: MDIC/Estatísticas de Comércio Exterior

Participation of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazilian exports and imports 2000-2016 (%)
Participation of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazilian exports and imports 2000-2016 (%)

Source: MDIC/Estatísticas de Comércio Exterior

Socioeconomic Atlas of Rio Grande do Sul