State Government of Rio Grande do Sul
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Infant Mortality Rate

RS has the lowest Infant Mortality Rate of Brazil

Infant Mortality Rate is used by all countries as one of the most sensitive indicators of health, since death of children under one year of age is directly or indirectly influenced by conditions of history and maternal age, consanguinity, perinatal procedures, conditions and type of delivery, prenatal care, prematurity, low birth weight, congenital malformations, mothers with infectious diseases and socioeconomic conditions, among other risk factors. It reflects the quality of prenatal and postnatal care of children, besides demonstrating the effectiveness of public policies related to preventive actions related to maternal health.

According to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) - Human Development Atlas in Brazil, the coefficient of infant mortality in Rio Grande do Sul was well below that of Brazil in 1991; 2000 and 2010. Among the 27 Brazilian states, Rio Grande do Sul was the second with the lowest infant mortality rate in 2010, surpassed only by Santa Catarina. The latest data available for RS from DATASUS* registered, in 2014, the value of 10.6 deaths/1,000 LB.

According to the Secretaria Estadual de Saúde - SES RS (State Secretariat of Health), he two main components: neonatal mortality (from 0 to 28 days) and post-neonatal or late infant mortality (from 28 to 364 days) went from 9.5 in 2000 to 7.2 in 2015, and from 5.6 in 2000 to 2,9 in 2015, respectively. Among the municipalities, data show that SES RS, even though the number of municipalities with lower rates has increased, there is still a significant number of municipalities with rates above the average of the State . In 2015, 176 municipalities of RS – 35% out of the total – showed Infant Mortality Rates above the state average (10.1 deaths/1,000 LB). It also must be highlighted that the great majority of municipalities that have very high Infant Mortality Rates are municipalities with very low population and number of births; therefore, cases of death  impact their mortality rates more intensely.

*DATASUS: Health Database of the Ministry of Health.

Infant mortality coefficient in Brazil and Rio Grande do Sul - 1991, 2000 e 2010 (deaths/1,000 LB)
Infant mortality coefficient in Brazil and Rio Grande do Sul - 1991, 2000 e 2010 (deaths/1,000 LB)

Source: SES RS/PNUD. Atlas do Desenvolvimento Humano 2013

Evolução do coeficiente de mortalidade infantil, neonatal e pós-neonatal no RS - 1970-2015 (óbitos/1000n.v.)
Infant mortality coefficient in Brazil and Rio Grande do Sul - 1991, 2000 e 2010 (deaths/1,000 LB)

Source: SES RS/ Estatísticas de Saúde 

Socioeconomic Atlas of Rio Grande do Sul