State Government of Rio Grande do Sul
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Modals of transport

RS has a relatively well structured multimodal transport network

Rio Grande do Sul has a relatively well structured multimodal transport network with several divisions. However, its transport matrix is excessively concentrated on road transport. Considering the modal matrix of Rio Grande do Sul, in 2005, roads accounted for 85% of the total transported and, in 2014, by 88%,  well above the Brazilian one, that was 68% in 2005, and reached 52% in 2011¹. More recent studies² indicate that, in 2017, the road modal of Rio Grande do Sul continued to account for approximately 88% of the total transported, whereas in Brazil the participation of this modal reached again the level of 65%.

In RS there are important inner waterways and ports such as those of Porto Alegre and Rio Grande, as well as an extensive railway network with potential to be exploited. There is also a regional airport network and one international airport, besides a pipeline network that serves mainly the northeast of the State. However, the transport of passengers and cargo is predominantly made on roads that connect various regions of RS to other Brazilian states and MERCOSUR countries. Due to its geographical location, a significant part of the products traded between Brazil and the countries of MERCOSUR bloc, mainly Argentina, is transported through the State. Therefore, roads such as BR-116, BR-101, BR-386 and BR-290, face increasing volumes of heavy cargo traffic, especially at times of agricultural crop outflows.

The export tradition of a significant part of the State agriculture and industry also helps defining the conformation of modal networks that connect the various producing regions of the State to the capital Porto Alegre and the Port of Rio Grande. Important structures such as customs posts and Dry Ports with customs services, located at strategic points of the State, support the cargo movement through different modals, providing customs clearance and inspection.

¹Data from: Estudo Rumos 2015, PELT-RS (Plano Estadual de Logística e Transportes – State Plan of Logistics and Transports), 2014 and PNLT (Plano Nacional de Logística e Transportes – National Plan of Logistics and Transports), 2011 (Final Report), Brasília, September/2012. 243p.)
²PELT RS. (In: http://www.transportes.rs.gov.br/pelt-rs (Apresentação Final - PELT-RS))

Modal Matrix of Brazil - 2011
Modal Matrix of Brazil - 2011

Source: Ministério dos Transportes/Plano Nacional de Logística de Transporte - PNLT, 2011 (Relatório Final)
Notes: It does not include aerial mode.

Modal Matrix of Rio Grande do Sul - 2014
Modal Matrix of Rio Grande do Sul - 2014


Source: Secretaria dos Transportes do RS/Plano Estadual de Logística de Transporte - PELT RS, 2014
Notes: It does not include aerial mode.

Socioeconomic Atlas of Rio Grande do Sul