According to ANEEL – Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica (National Agency of Electric Energy), distribution is characterized as a segment of the electricity sector dedicated to supplying electric power for an end user. In Brazil, the power distribution service is carried out by concessionaires, licensees and authorized companies.
In Rio Grande do Sul, three large concessionaires – RGE and RGE Sul* (both companies in the Grupo CPFL Energia) and CEEE-D, perform power distribution or act as suppliers for the smaller concessionaires, licensees and authorized companies. These three concessionaires are accountable for approximately 93% of the energy sold in the State, according to CEEE (BERS 2015). Besides these, five small concessionaires also act in the distribution of electric power, mainly in the urban areas of the municipalities: DEMEI (Departamento Municipal de Energia de Ijuí); ELETROCAR (Centrais Elétricas de Carazinho S.A.); HIDROPAN (Hidroelétrica Panambi S.A.); MUX ENERGIA (Muxfeldt, Marin & Cia Ltda.); and Nova Palma Energia Ltda.
There are also in the State 15 licensees or authorized companies, in the great majority, Cooperatives of Rural Electrification: CELETRO Cooperativa de Eletrificação Centro Jacuí; CERFOX – Cooperativa de Distribuição de Energia Fontoura Xavier; CERILUZ – Cooperativa Regional de Energia e Desenvolvimento Ijuí; CERMISSÕES – Cooperativa de Distribuição e Geração de Energia das Missões; CERTAJA – Cooperativa Regional de Energia Taquari Jacuí; CERTEL – Cooperativa de Distribuição de Energia Teutônia; CERTHIL – Cooperativa de Distribuição de Energia Entre Rios; CERVALE – Cooperativa de Eletrificação Rural do Vale do Jaguari; COOPERLUZ – Cooperativa Distribuidora Fronteira Noroeste; COOPERNORTE – Cooperativa Regional de Energia e Desenvolvimento do Litoral Norte; COOPERSUL – Cooperativa Regional de Eletrificação Rural Fronteira Sul; COPREL – Cooperativa de Energia; COSEL – Cooperativa Sudeste de Eletrificação Rural; CRELUZ D – Cooperativa de Distribuição de Energia; and CRERAL – Cooperativa Regional de Eletrificação Rural do Alto Uruguai.
According to ANEEL, "current legislation regarding distribution concession contracts prioritize comprehensive market service, with no exclusion of low income populations and areas of lower population density. It also provides incentives to the implementation of measures to combat energy wastage and actions related to research in the electricity sector". (http://www.aneel.gov.br/contratos1)
* AES Sul was sold on June, 2016 to Grupo CPFL Energia, and had its name changed to RGE Sul.
Source: CEEE. BERS 2015
Source: CEEE. BERS 2015