The Brazilian Railway System has a length of approximately 30,000 km, distributed in South, Southeast, Middle West and Northeast regions. It is operated as a concession whose supervision is conducted by ANTT – Agência Nacional de Transportes Terrestre (National Land Transportation Agency). Its main competitor is transport by roadways, although the transport by railways is indicated for handling large volumes of cargo and of passengers over medium and long distances. The option for the predominance of road transport led to underutilization of the rail modal in Brazil and Rio Grande do Sul. The participation of the modal in the transport matrix is approximately 30% in Brazil and 6% in RS¹. However, it is considered by planners and technicians of the transport sector as an essential link in the logistics chain for the transportation of cargoes with great potential for growth, provided that it is properly connected to the other modals.
The state railway network, part of MRS – Malha Regional Sul²(Southern Regional Network), controlled for a long time by RFFSA – Rede Ferroviária Federal S.A. (Federal Railway Network), was granted to the private sector in 1997, to ALL – América Latina Logística. Until 2013 ALL also had granted areas in Argentina that allowed railway integration between centers as São Paulo and Buenos Aires for exemple. However this possibility did not materialized. The current operation is made by Rumo, a new company resulting from the Rumo – América Latina Logística – ALL merger, with concession for the period from 1997 to 2027 and operation of the networks of South and Southeast regions.
According to ANTT, Rio Grande do Sul has a network of approximately 3,259 km of railway lines and branches, used only for cargo transport. The major part has a gauge of 1 meter, whereas only 5 km have mixed gauge (1.435 m), in order to achieve integration with Argentine and Uruguayan networks. Currently, several railway sections of the State are deactivated or operate only during harvest season.
Os centros de transferência de cargas que apresentam maior movimentação localizam-se em Canoas, Cruz Alta, Passo Fundo e Rio Grande, junto ao Porto. Os principais produtos transportados são: combustíveis, fertilizantes, commodities agrícolas, farelo e óleos vegetais e produtos industrializados para construção civil e siderurgia, produtos florestais e contêineres. Os maiores terminais intermodais encontram-se em Porto Alegre, Uruguaiana e em Rio Grande, junto ao Porto.
According to Anuário Estatístico dos Transportes (Statistical Yearbook of Transport), cargo transfer centers which have intense movement are located in Canoas, Cruz Alta, Passo Fundo and Rio Grande near the Port. The main products transported are: agricultural commodities, bran and vegetable oils, fuels, fertilizers, containers, industrialized products for civil construction and steel industry and forest products. The largest intermodal terminals are located in Porto Alegre, Uruguaiana and Rio Grande, on the Maritime Port.
¹PNLT (Plano Nacional de Logística e Transportes – National Plan of Logistics and Transports), 2012 (Final Report) and PELT-RS, (Plano Estadual de Logística e Transportes – State Plan of Logistics and Transports), 2014.
²MRS: Malha Regional Sul – Southern Regional Network (Concessionária Rumo ALL – América Latina Logística do Brasil S.A – covers the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná and São Paulo)
Total of Concessionaries in Brazil: ALLMN; ALLMO; ALLMP; ALLMS; EFC; FERROESTE; EFVM; FCA; FNS; FTC; FTL and MRS.
Source: MT. Anuário Estatístico dos Transportes 2010-2016 (UT: Useful Tons)
Source: MT. Anuário Estatístico dos Transportes 2010-2016 ((UT: Useful Tons)