Região Metropolitana da Serra Gaúcha (Serra Gaúcha Metropolitan Region) was established by the State Complementary Law 14,293, dated August 2013. It is formed by the municipalities of Antônio Prado, Bento Gonçalves, Carlos Barbosa, Caxias do Sul, Farroupilha, Flores da Cunha, Garibaldi, Ipê, São Marcos, Nova Pádua, Monte Belo do Sul, Santa Teresa and Pinto Bandeira.
The Region corresponds to the former Nordeste Metropolitan Region established in 1994 plus the municipalities of Antônio Prado, Ipê and Pinto Bandeira, the latter emancipated from Bento Gonçalves and established in 2012.
Serra Gaúcha Metropolitan Region has the city of Caxias do Sul as a hub, the biggest urban center of the Region and one of the most populated of the State. Together with RMPA it forms a north-south axis of occupation with very dynamic economic characteristics. In 2010 the group of 13 municipalities had a population of 735.276 inhabitants, density of 163.2 inhab/km² and growth rate of 1.7% p.a.
Source: IBGE - Censo Demográfico